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Megashira wo Osaeta Megashira wo Osaeta Megashira wo Osaeta
iaku+Komatsudai-Higashi
Megashira wo Osaeta
(Jan. 30 – Feb. 4, 2018 at Sun-Mall Studio, Shinjuku)
Photo: Takashi Horikawa
Data
Premiere: 2012 Length: 2 hr. 10 min.
Acts/Scenes: 1 act, 9 scenes
Cast: 8 Women
Japanese Drama Database
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Play of the Month Play of the Month
Apr. 9, 2018
Megashira wo Osaeta by Takuya Yokoyama 
Megashira wo Osaeta by Takuya Yokoyama 
Set in a community in decline due to unrelenting depopulation, this play tells a story about the conflict between the older and younger generations regarding long-standing conventions of funeral rites as seen through the eyes of two high school girls and the relentless pressures of the changing times expressed in the poignant subtleties of the local dialect. This play premiered in 2012 as a production by Osaka’s ABC Hall and was restaged in 2013 by Yokoyama’s theater unit iaku. In 2018, it was rewritten from the Kansai dialect to the Miyazaki dialect and staged with direction by Tetsuya Matsumoto.
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Depopulation is draining life from the mountain village of Hitomimura. Kaoru Sugiyama, a funeral director, lost his wife Suzu several years before, and for the sake of his only daughter, Ryo, he moved to his former wife’s hometown of Hitomimura, where Ryo’s cousin’s family live. Suzu’s older brother, Gen Nakatani, works at the local forestry union and has taken on the mission of preserving the village’s traditional funeral rights. He lives with his wife Fumiko, daughter Shuko and son in the fourth grade, Ippei. Kaoru and Gen are at odds with each other because of their differing views about how funerals should be directed, but their two daughters, both seniors in high school, get along like sisters.

It is early July. Ryo is active in the school’s photography club taught by the teacher Sakamoto. Using an analog (film) camera that had belonged to her mother, Ryo is taking pictures of people in the village posed like the photographs of the deceased used in funerals, and one photograph she took with her cousin Shuko as her model has won the grand prize in the high school category of a nationwide photography contest.

With the school’s darkroom now close for the summer, Shuko suggests that they make a darkroom in the “moya” funeral building. Since the Edo Period (1603 – 1868) forestry was the dominant industry of this region, and it was the men who did the dangerous job of trimming off branches high up in the cedar trees to make them good for lumber who were given a monopoly on the right to conduct funeral rites as nengyoji. Since the Sugiyama family had served as nengyoji for generations, the “moya” funeral building that is used for keeping the bodies of the deceased for the wake and then the funeral rites stands on the grounds of the Sugiyama home.

When her father Gen came home, light-heartedly Shuko asked him for permission to make a darkroom in the funeral building. Originally, the only people permitted to enter the moya were the deceased and their successors, but since the request has come from his niece Ryo, who is usually so shy and withdrawn, he reluctantly gives his consent.

Gen has been planning to make his son Ippei his successor by showing him the branch trimmer’s profession while he is still working in the forestry union and also to have Ippei succeed him as the nengyoji funeral director. When a branch trimmer fall to his death, the shock is so great that the eyeballs may be pushed out of the sockets, and the rite of putting the eyeballs back in the sockets before dressing the body for the funeral is called megashira wo osaeru, and it is traditionally the job of the successor to the nengyoji funeral director to perform this rite. But with the changing times, the traditions of the local funeral rites have not been practiced for years.

It is early August. Shuko and Ryo are having trouble deciding what to do after high school. It had been an unspoken understanding that they would both be going to the nearby junior college, but now Ryo has decided that she want to go to an art university in Tokyo to study photography. Ryo admires a private tutor named Fujiki who has come to the village from Tokyo, and Ryo’s sudden decision has been a shock to Shuko. Ryo’s father Kaoru is against her going to Tokyo, but Gen and his wife Fumiko have told him that since she has shown her talent with photography, why not give her the chance. When Shuko learns of her parents’ thoughts, she becomes upset and jealous of Ryo.

It has been decided that Ryo will have an exhibition of her photographs at the community center. The photography club teacher Sakamoto has been very supportive of his student Ryo. For Shuko, who had a secret longing for Sakamoto, this makes the crevice that has grown between her and Ryo even deeper. Increasingly opposed to Ryo’s going to Tokyo, Kaoru lets out his anger at Gen, accusing him of trying to drive her out of the town and in the process deprive him not only of his daughter but also his job and his place in the house.

One night, the increasingly worried Ryo talks in private with Sakamoto at the moya to seek his advice. By chance, Shuko sees the two alone, and in her distress she unwittingly takes a photo of them. This photo gets around and starts scandalous rumors in the village, threatening the planned exhibition. Ryo is no longer allowed to use the moya as a darkroom, and the distance between Shuko and Ryo becomes worsen.

It is then that tragedy strikes. While training to learn the branch trimming job, Gen falls to his death. Standing in front of the body of Gen, Kaoru announces that he will perform the Hitomi[mura] funeral rites, and he drags Gen’s crying son Ippei to the moya. From inside is heard the voices of Kaoru and Ippei saying “megashira wo osaete” (hold the eyes).

It is the end of March and the day Ryo is to leave for Tokyo. Shuko calls her and says she wants to meet, and they come together for the first time in months in front of the moya. Shuko is humble and apologizes for what she did with the photo, and Ryo forgives her, saying she no longer minds. From inside the house, they hear Fumiko’s voice and then they see Ippei, suddenly and almost unrecognizably mature in his actions as he takes the offering of food for his father’s soul to the small Buddhist shrine in the parlor. The last thing we hear is the ring of the ceremonial bell Ippei rings to announce the offering.

Profile:
Born January 21, 1977 in Osaka, Japan. Yokoyama is a playwright, director and leader of the theater company iaku. With a discerning eye for observation and detailed research, he looks at the human condition from various perspectives and writes works that are met with acclaim. His works range from conversational plays that make entertainment out of other people’s arguments to human dramas that deal with real societal issues transposed into fictional lands with unique cultures and conventions. As an advocate of “plays that are hard to wear out,” he actively tours restaged productions of his works to cities around the country. Awards include: the New Playwright Drama Award of the 15th Japan Playwrights Association Awards for Edaniku; the 1st Sendai Short Play Award for Hito no Ki mo Shiranaide; the 2017 Suita City Award for Meritorious Cultural Achievement; the 72nd Agency for Cultural Affairs Arts Festival New Artists Award (Kansai) for the script for Haitsuburi ga Tobunowo; the 54th Osaka Cultural Festival Awards Honorable Mention Award for the results of Haitsuburi ga Tobunowo and Shuku-shuku to Unshin.
 
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